What Is a Heat Pump and How Does It Work?

A heat pump is an electrical device that extracts heat from one place and transfers it to another. The heat pump is not a new technology; it has been used in Canada and around the world for decades. Refrigerators and air conditioners are both common examples of this technology.

Heat pumps transfer heat by circulating a substance called a refrigerant through a cycle of evaporation and condensation. A compressor pumps the refrigerant between two heat exchanger coils. In one coil, the refrigerant is evaporated at low pressure and absorbs heat from its surroundings. The refrigerant is then compressed en route to the other coil, where it condenses at high pressure. At this point, it releases the heat it absorbed earlier in the cycle.

Refrigerators and air conditioners are both examples of heat pumps operating only in the cooling mode. A refrigerator is essentially an insulated box with a heat pump system connected to it. The evaporator coil is located inside the box, usually in the freezer compartment. Heat is absorbed from this location and transferred outside, usually behind or underneath the unit where the condenser coil is located. Similarly, an air conditioner transfers heat from inside a house to the outdoors.

The heat pump cycle is fully reversible, and heat pumps can provide year-round climate control for your home – heating in winter and cooling and dehumidifying in summer. Since the ground and air outside always contain some heat, a heat pump can supply heat to a house even on cold winter days. In fact, air at –18°C contains about 85 percent of the heat it contained at 21°C.

An air-source heat pump absorbs heat from the outdoor air in winter and rejects heat into outdoor air in summer. It is the most common type of heat pump found in Canadian homes at this time. However, ground-source (also called earth-energy, geothermal, geoexchange) heat pumps, which draw heat from the ground or ground water, are becoming more widely used, particularly in British Columbia, the Prairies and Central Canada.

The American Standard heat pump is available for residential consumers in the following models:

XP25 HEAT PUMP

  • Up to 23.50 seer and 10.20 HSPF
  • Variable-capacity inverter Compressor
  • Precise comfort technology
  • Climate IQ technology
  • Silent comfort technology
  • Comfort – enabled
  • Sound levels as low as 58 dB
  • 10 – Year limited warranty on compressor and covered Components


SL 18XP1 HEAT PUMP

  • Up to 18.50 seer and 10.20 HSPF
  • Lennox Quantum Coil technology
  • Sound levels as low as 67 dB
  • Intellifrost defrost control
  • iComfort-enabled
  • 10-year limited warranty on compressor and covered Components


XP21 HEAT PUMP

  • Up to 19.20 seer And 9.70 HSPF
  • Silent comfort fan motor with composite fan blades
  • Sound levels as low as 67 dB
  •  Intellifrost defrost control
  •  I Comfort-enabled
  • Humiditrol compatible
  • 10-year limited warranty On compressor and covered Components


XP20 HEAT PUMP

  • Up to 18.50 seer and 10.20 HSPF
  • Lennox Quantum Coil technology
  • Sound levels as low as 67 dB
  • Intellifrost defrost control
  • iComfort-enabled
  • 10-year limited warranty on compressor and covered Components

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